Sunday, February 14, 2010

Mating your dog

Mating your dog

When choosing a stud, remember your main objective is to- Improve the breed
I'm just going to give you a few facts and the rest is up to you to research.
Pick a stud who will compliment your females looks and temperament. Do not breed unhealthy animals. Do not breed a mean tempered animal.

All living animals, at the least, have 7% genetic flaws..A flaw may be anything like an undesirable coat color to a bad heart . Understanding what traits your particular breed is prone to and what traits you may inadvertently introduce into the line is vital. I would prefer to have some of my puppies not have that perfect show coat or even have legs 1/2 inch to long, then to produce a puppy with a heart problem.
Ask the breeder of your dog what faults she has in her line.

Ask the stud owner what faults he has in his line
If they have the same faults do not breed them together, find a different mate.
Some genes have been in the lines so long they may never be bred out of the line.
Short faced breeds, the Shih Tzu, Pekinese and English Bulldog carry a gene for cleft palates.

Harlequin Danes ( white with black spots ) have a deaf and blind gene which is produced by the Merle (gray and black dots). The Merle Dane carries the gene that produces the spots that in the Harlequin Dane. If you were to bred the Merle out of the Harlequin Dane, then you would bred out the gene that produces the spots.
This is a catch 22 situation...
Anyway I think you see my point. Choose your flaws wisely

To find the best day to bred
The bitch will began to bleed. The first 1-8 days not much changes until she goes into standing heat at about day 9. ( breeds vary )

Standing heat means she will be receptive to the males advances. She may lift her tail, dance in front of the males face. A test is to run your hand down her back, if she is in standing heat, she may lift her tail.

A good stud will not attempt mate until the correct time which is when she is ovulating. He senses this by the smell of progesterone that she will give off during ovulation . Breeding will take place on days 10, 12,14. for Smaller breeds, Larger breeds may ovulate earlier.

If you are unsure of her best days to bred her, than take your female to your Vet for a vaginal cytology or contact Camelot Farms, they have a new Ovulation test on the market called Premate. (Its a blood test)

When the female ovulates, it take 48 hours for her eggs to ripen before they will allow penetration of sperm.

She may release 200 eggs which the male may fertilize. Her body and mother nature will absorb the unhealthy and some healthy fertilized eggs. Leaving fertilized eggs that her body is capable of caring to term. There are occasions when mother nature brain drives off the map and she absorbs them all.

This is usually about the time you go yelling at the stud owner, saying her dog is no good. It is not always the studs fault that your female did not go on to whelp a litter of pups.

There are a number of reasons a Female will fail to conceive.

•Age - to young or to old
•Irregular heat cycles- it may not be a true heat
•Bred on the wrong days - this is why ovulation testing is important. You may of bred to early or to late.
If you lucky you will find a stud like my Rocky, he knows when the day is to bred. If they are not ready Rock will not touch them. If they are heaven help them, I've seen Rocky dive across a coffee table to bred a bitch. No is not an option with Rock.
•Stud has low sperm count- Always use a proven male, one that has sired other litters.
The female determines how many pups will be in a litter.

The male has a penis which is called the Os penis. It has an actual bone.
It can break, so he is the one at danger during mating.
A males sperm may live a few day and in some cases up to a week.
The male determines the sex of the puppies.

How to Restrain a female so the male can mount
Hold her head in the crook of your armpit
Hold very tight it immobilizes her
In hard cases I put a leash on them and sit on it to keep her more restrained
If her head is low she has a harder time sitting down
Use your left hand to pull her tail to the side
Your right hand goes under her belly and at the same time you hold her vulva apart for penatration
To intice the male wiggle her rear end
Try to be quiet, so you do not upset the male and keep your arms out of his way
Now with your third arm. I want you to guide the male in
Once you feel him enter her with your fingers and he will have a smother faster rhythm
Than I want you to hold his butt in tight.( this is helpful when the males are much smaller not in larger breeds)
This is a lot of work. This part may last 30 minutes and I am usually in a sweat by now.

My body is contantly straining to hold her still and help him aim.
While I am doing this as stud service for the owner of a bitch, The bitch's owner doesnt really understand their role, to just sit still and be quiet.
Instead thats when the owner starts asking questions about why I chose the color of my curtains.

Look easy???
Not if shes fighting.
Be careful not to suffocate her. The purpose is to make babies, not kill mom

Dog breeding gestation

Dog breeding gestation

Learning about dog breeding + gestation is really important to potential dog breeders. Knowing that the gestation period of most dogs is about sixty three days is vital to a pregnant female dog owner. Knowing such facts about dog breeding and gestation will allow the owner to prepare to take care of his or her pregnant dog.

This will allow the dog breeder to prepare a bed for the pregnant female and possibly even a room. Such facts about dog breeding + gestation include knowing that pregnant females like to be alone to “nest” as their due dates approach. These facts ill allow a dog breeder to prepare for the birth of the puppies. Knowing facts about dog breeding + gestation will also help a dog breeder take the best care possible of his or her dog. Learning when in the dog breeding + gestation process the pregnant dog should visit the vet will help the pregnant dog to stay as healthy as possible during her pregnancy.

Also knowing when to start expecting the female dog will start going into labor in the dog breeding + gestation process will also help the dog breeder plan the birthing process. Some breeders like to bring their pregnant females to the vet to have the puppies, ensuring that their female gives birth in a sterile and safe environment.

Knowing when in the dog breeding + gestation process to take their dog to the vet will keep their vet bills down. Additionally, if you are a novice dog breeder, learning all the dog breeding + gestation facts is very important. Learning these dog breeding + gestation facts will help you to prepare your dog breeding business and estimate your time and money costs more accurately. Additionally, learning all the dog breeding and gestation facts you can before your first dog breeding will ensure the health of your dogs much better than if you were to try breeding your dogs without any prior knowledge of dog breeding.

You can learn a lot of dog breeding + gestation facts by simply going online and searching for them. However, this is not that reliable of a resource of dog breeding + gestation facts because many online sources are simply unreliable. A better source of dog breeding + gestation facts is your vet or other local breeders. Many professional dog breeders actually offer seminars on dog breeding + gestation that will help you increase your knowledge on the subject.

Some libraries also carry various books on dog breeding and sgestation that you may find useful if you are just starting out in dog breeding. jonathan s dog breeding

Why Breed dog in the first place?

Why do you want to breed dog in the first place?

The first thing to consider when breeding your dog is to ask yourself why you are doing so.

These are some of the common reasons heard in a veterinary clinic:

It is a purebred and I want to make some money - Don’t hold your breath on this one. So often the cost far our weighs the profit in dog breeding. A typical week at an emergency veterinary clinic will involve at least one C-section. These are not strictly for small breeds.

Another draw back to the moneymaking scheme is stud fees. A good quality, AKC registered sire can draw fees of $300 and up. This may not sound like a great deal of money when you are counting on ten or twelve puppies from a large dog. Consider for a moment if your dog only has one puppy or gives birth to twelve still-born puppies.

I want my children to learn the facts of life – Most dogs give birth during the calm periods in a house. This means middle of the night and nine times out of ten, owners never see the actual birth. Think past the cute stage of having newborn puppies, and on to where you are going to place them once they are weaned. Also think of how a child is going to react to losing a puppy they have learned to love. Children are much better off learning the facts of life from a parent or a book than watching a dog.

It is a purebred – There are millions of purebred dogs in the world. Thousands of them end up being put to death at animal shelters across the nation every week. Every purebred dog should not be bred. Breeding should occur between the best quality animals for the betterment of the breed.

If breeding is still a desire, there are simple things to remember. A female is referred to as a bitch and a male is a dog or a sire.

A typical female dog comes into heat once every six months. It is highly discouraged to breed a dog during its first heat cycle. This is because the dog has not completely matured itself. Breeding too early can cause developmental problems in the bitch. Growth is stopped, needed calcium and nutrients is transferred to the puppies.

The actual heat cycle itself can be a frustrating thing for owners. It starts out with the female having a clear type of discharge. Then the vulva starts to swell and bleeding commences. Optimal breeding time is ten to fourteen days after the first sign of color (blood) although male dogs won’t care what day in the cycle it is. Make sure the dogs are kept separate during this time. Many injuries to dogs are seen because the male wouldn’t take no for an answer.

A female will show a willingness to be bred by “flagging” for an owner. This means she will raise her tail and move it to the side when the area right above her tail is scratched.

Once she has shown a willingness to be bred, it is time to place the two dogs together. When this is done, do not just throw them in the back yard together. It is preferable for someone to hold the head of the female while the actual breeding is taking place. Many males have been permanently scarred, by a female who took a sudden change of heart.

The actual act of breeding can take anywhere from ten to forty-five minutes. This is because a male dog’s physiology is not the same as that of a man. Dogs do not ejaculate; they seep through an engorged penis. The female’s vagina causes a tight ring around the penis and any attempt to stop the breeding at this point can damage both animals.

Once the male has entered, he will slowly move so that both front paws are on the same side of the female. One hind leg will come up and over the back of the female and they will be standing tail to tail. This is considered the tie.

Eventually, the penis will shrink back to its normal size, the tie is broken and both dogs will walk away. When this occurs, once again separate the two dogs. For optimal breeding results, repeat the process every other day until the female will no longer accept the male.

Write the first and last dates of breeding on a calendar. Normal gestation time for dogs is sixty-three days. This can be from either breeding. If a dog goes over sixty-five days, have her checked by your veterinarian.

There is one important thing to remember when breeding dogs. Keep the female up! A single female can be bred by a dozen males, have a dozen puppies with each having a different father. The best thing to do is keep the female crated, letting out only to walk on a leash or supervised in a fenced yard. She should never leave your site while outside though. Many neighborhood Romeos have no qualms about digging or climbing a fence.

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